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What is a traditional Japanese wedding like?

traditional Japanese wedding

Weddings in Japan are very important as in Spain. It is a special moment in the life of a person, although each one follows the customs of the country where they are from and that can be a curious way of knowing how these weddings are carried out.

The Gift

When preparing a wedding, we know that it takes time and preparation, but above all it takes money. The couple usually invests a lot between the wedding and banquet suits, food and gifts for the guests, etc. It is an investment that they have to make so that everything goes according to plan. So if you don’t know what to give, the best bet is money.

The bills must be new unless they are not old or worn, they are carefully wrapped in colored envelopes, ornate and eye-catching, except black and white as these are used for funerals.

It is also important to know how much money to give away. For example, 30,000 or 50,000 yen (approximately 233 and 388 euros) is the usual thing, but if your economy does not give so much, give away what you can, avoiding that they are even numbers because it will be frowned upon since the money is not for the couple divide it between them.

The Bride

As in the Spanish tradition, in Japan, the bride spends a lot of time choosing the perfect dress, but not just one, but two. The normal thing is that it can be changed at least once during the day, although sometimes it can have four dresses.

The first part of the wedding takes place during the morning, in which the bride wears a white kimono, and this shows submission to the new family. This kimono is called shiromuku.

Preparation of the Bride to Start the Ceremony

Japanese wedding preparation

The bride wears another garment called wataboshi, which is shaped like a hood, and underneath she wears an accessory made up of a wig and cloth called tsunokakushi, which literally means hiding horns. This garment symbolizes that the woman hides her selfishness and jealousy to show herself pure and gentle to her husband.

Afterward, the woman has to change her clothes, and wear another kimono that is usually red, black and gold called an irouchikake.

And finally, the hikifurisode is only dressed during the reception and is usually a larger and more elegant kimono.

Examples of hikifurisode:

The Groom

Unlike the bride’s dress, the groom’s is much simpler. This consists of kimono pants, a long coat, and a kimono. This dress is called montsuki haori hakama and has only the colors black, gray, and white. This is done in this way so that it does not stand out more than the woman.

The groom can also change his suit or tie, but it is normal for him to remain in the same clothes all day.

The Ceremony

The traditional Japanese wedding is the Shinto wedding. In this, the bride and groom meet only with the close family and a priest in a sanctuary. The priest offers prayers to the gods, the couple is purified, and prayers are dedicated to each other. Finally, they share three glasses of sake called san-san-kudo.

Unlike in Spain, where the bride and groom meet with both close and distant relatives, friends and colleagues, in Japan only the closest relatives are allowed to accompany the bride and groom. At the end of the ceremony, everyone gathers to eat in a small room.

The Reception

This moment should not be confused with the usual celebration that we Spaniards carry out. At the end of the ceremony, we usually go to the place where we are going to celebrate the banquet with our family and friends. In Japan, the opposite happens, they have to spend two hours with friends, colleagues, and other relatives who take advantage of that time to congratulate them and wish them a good future.

Next, We Leave You a Speech During a Wedding Held in Japan

During the reception, it is customary for the bride to read a speech she has written dedicated to her parents, while the groom usually helps him with the microphone and whatever he needs so that he can speak without emotion preventing him from continuing. The husband also says some words although he does not bring them ready.

During the reception, depending on the couple, their daring, and financial capacity, there may be magician performances or other entertainment to make the moment more enjoyable and fun. Can you imagine a famous music group showing up in the middle of the reception? If you remember the video for Sugar’s song from Maroon 5, it would be something like that. A big surprise, right?

The Celebration

When the couple attends their family and friends at the reception, it is time to eat and drink, in which everyone is looking forward to it. This celebration is called Aikikai.

When the older ones finish, they retire and the youngsters move to a more relaxed place where they will eat, drink and continue having fun. This is not included in the price of the reception, so whoever wishes to attend must pay an extra. However, if someone is unable to pay, the bride and groom usually invite them because they do not want their friends to be left without attending because of money.

In addition, in this place, there will also be games, music, and prizes, which are another opportunity to see part of your invested money compensated by the guests.

At The End Of The Celebration

Finally, when the guests leave and only a few remain, the newlyweds and their closest friends will move once more to celebrate the sanjikai (“third-party”) in a smaller and quieter place.

The idea is that they can enjoy themselves with those who have not been lucky enough to see so much due to their responsibilities. The bride and groom change into more comfortable clothes to spend some time drinking and enjoying themselves with their loved ones.

We find a celebration that shares part of our tradition, such as a ceremony and a celebration, or the desire to be with our loved ones enjoying the great moment. It also lasts for a whole day, starting with the ceremony in the morning and ending with the sanjikai in the evening. Although we do not have such a differentiated reception time and we do not have the custom of giving only money.

To conclude, say that this tradition has been changing over time. More and more young people feel less the need to put so much effort into the ceremony or opt for another type of wedding, such as the Christian one or directly go to the celebration without any ceremony. Although there may come a time when they are not the majority, the art of traditional weddings will always remain thanks to those who choose the Shinto ceremony.

You may also like to read WEDDING TRADITIONS IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Wedding traditions in United States of America

All the countries of the world have their own wedding traditions and their own rituals. In the case of the United States, we have been able to verify them throughout the immense number of films, television series, and television programs that reach us each year. Including traditions associated with weddings. For those of you who are consumers of these products – we recommend doing it in the original version with subtitles to improve listening in English – you will already know them all. This article is aimed at those who do not know what weddings are like in the United States.

American wedding

Wedding traditions in the USA are not very different from what we have in Spain. What’s more, over the past few decades we have borrowed many traditions directly from the United States. However, there are enough differences to talk about a typical North American wedding style. One that starts with great propositions. Although we repeat, that romanticism is not unique to weddings in the United States, it has been the Americans who have invested the most creativity and resources in the marriage proposal.

Once everyone has said the expected “yes”, the wedding preparations begin. A ceremony of great value to Americans, who spend more money than any other citizen in its preparation. Before the wedding, and this is a typically American tradition, a pre-wedding known as an “engagement session” takes place, translatable as an engagement session. A kind of rehearsal for weddings to go perfectly. In an American wedding, even the smallest detail is taken care of.

Of course, Americans put all these tasks in the hands of the wedding planner. An essential figure in all weddings in the USA, since they are in charge of organizing everything. From the management of the guests to the coordination of the different activities that make up the wedding, through the hiring of the catering and many more actions. They are professionals specialized specifically in the organization of wedding ceremonies. As we said before, for the average American, weddings involve a lot of budget, work, and coordination.

Another peculiarity of American weddings is the vows of engagement. We have seen this a million times in millions of movies. Speeches that the bride and groom create for weeks and separately to say to each other at the altar. They are usually extremely emotional, romantic, and, in most cases, alluding to specific characteristics of the other person and the relationship. Dance is also essential at wedding parties in the United States. Both the groom with the bride and these with their friends and family.

Bridesmaids and groomsmen

American wedding traditions

The presence of a court of honor is common to all wedding celebrations in the world. Or practically all of them. However, in the United States, these courts are much more important. Thus, we find figures such as the main bridesmaid of the bride, the rest of the bridesmaids of the bride, the groom’s honor men, the groom’s best man, the flower girls, or the ring bearer in charge of wearing the rings. . As you can see, in this, North American weddings match a lot with Spanish weddings.

Finally, there is another very important characteristic of American wedding traditions: the best man speech and the godmother speech. Both are thrown during the banquet after repeatedly hitting the glass with one of the cutlery to attract the attention of all attendees. Usually, these are speeches that combine many past stories of the bride and groom with emotional words about love. A moment that, as we have seen in many American series and movies, can be wonderful, but also disastrous.

You may also like to read 9 TIPS FOR A FANTASTIC TRIP TO THE USA AND EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW

9 Tips for a fantastic trip to the USA and everything you need to know

fantastic trip to the USA and everything you need to know

After the coronavirus, the desire to return to planning wonderful trips is the best and fastest way to reconnect to the world

After the coronavirus, the desire to return to planning wonderful trips is the best and fastest way to reconnect to the world. At the moment, strict restrictions on movement and travel around the world are still in place, however, the situation is constantly changing and we expect it will continue to improve. Therefore we try to hold back our desire to travel a little longer but not by canceling the project but only by postponing it a little longer and perhaps by booking in advance, for example, our trip to the United States. While waiting for the situation to continue to improve, here are 9 tips to plan our fantastic trip to the USA.

How to organize a trip to the United States?

Organizing such a trip alone is not an insurmountable thing, in fact, thanks to the network we have access to an impressive amount of data and information so that we can plan our trip in detail.

What are the steps to plan a trip to the USA?

Here are 9 tips to easily organize our trip to the United States and apply for this :

  • Be in possession of a valid passport
  • Having obtained the USA ESTA
  • Establish a travel itinerary
  • Take out travel insurance
  • Book airline tickets in advance
  • If you are traveling independently, always rent your car, camper, or motorbike in advance
  • For each state we will go to, we need to book hotels or campsites
  • Plan your trip to get a detailed daily schedule
  • Make preparations for your trip and make sure you have it all

How do you get the ESTA?

In addition to the passport, every person (including children) must obtain a travel authorization to the United States (ESTA). The ESTA is a mandatory document to enter the American territory. This request must be made online with the United States Department of Homeland Security. If you can’t – or don’t want to – take advantage of the ESTA, you can also opt for a USA visa. Remember that if you are planning a layover in Canada, you will need to submit a similar request to the Canadian government. Now before embarking on a trip to the USA you will have to wait for the Covid-19 problem to be completely resolved and once it is eradicated, you will need to update yourself to know if in the last few months the ESTA application has undergone many updates.

Creating general planning for our trip is a must!

The first thing to do to plan our vacation in the USA is to outline a general profile of our stay, taking into account some variables: duration, period, participants, and states to visit. This step will go pretty quickly for a stay in New York or Florida for example. It will be much longer if our project also includes a trip to the American West, in fact, we will have to determine a city of arrival, a city of return, and a reliable route according to our plans.

You may also like to read, Must-Try Traditional Japanese Dishes

American lifestyle: uses, customs, and habits to orient yourself in the USA

American lifestyle

Usually, when preparing your holidays in the United States, you take care of everything you need: booking flights, hotels, expatriate documents, car rental (if we do an on the road), and much more.

However, among the thousands of preparations, one factor that can make the difference is often overlooked: how well do we know our destination? How is life in the USA? What are the customs, traditions, unwritten rules, habits, and lifestyles that characterize this fascinating overseas land?

Knowing the  American way of life will help us to orient ourselves right away, facilitating our relations with local institutions and citizens, avoiding big wastes of time and some bad figures. Here are some tips:

Rules of conduct of the American way of life

Here are some things to watch out for:

  • Mancha: the United States will always give a tip, at least you do not want to do an affront to the waiter, or that his work was really poor (which personally I never happened). Tipping is part of the salary of the waiters, who receive a rather meager fixed amount. How much to tip? From 15% to 20% to waiters and taxi drivers. If you only get a drink at the counter, give at least $ 1 per spin. Give porters at least $ 2 per suitcase. If you want some specific advice, read our article on how to tip in the USA
  • Do not photograph passers-by without permission: it has happened to me more than once to be stopped by a passer-by with a camera in hand who asked me: “You accidentally ended up in one of my photos, do you want me to delete it?” This is because Americans don’t like to end up in photos of strangers without giving their consent.
  • Relationship with alcohol: since the days of Prohibition, Americans have at least had a particular relationship with alcoholic beverages, and still today it is a big problem especially for young people. Alcoholic beverages are only sold to adults over the age of 21 with documentary proof. It is also not a good idea to walk the streets with a beer in hand like at our village festivals. The drink must be enclosed in a wrapper.

The American welcome

American welcome USALet’s say you are on the street with a map in your hand, intent on figuring out which is the right way to the place you are looking for … it won’t be long before someone approaches you and asks you: “Do you need help?” But it does not end here: if even after the detailed information received you continue to show an expression at least perplexed, do not worry, it is likely that the nice passer-by not only does not give up explaining the way but also decides to accompany you to the destination.

These have happened frequently during my travels in America; even once a lady mounted me in the car and took me home! In short, one of the most pleasant aspects of Americans is their welcome, simplicity, and ability not to make you feel like a stranger in their country. So if you get lost, you know how!

American cuisine: much more than it seems

It is often said that American cuisine is very heavy and based mainly on fast food. This is actually only partially true, in the United States you can really eat everything, and even good! Obviously, we need to look for the right places and not stop at the first place we meet.

In the USA you can enjoy good dishes of all kinds: they have excellent meat, delicious fish, gigantic but good salads. You will also find ethnic restaurants of all kinds (Chinese, Japanese, Mexican, Greek, etc …) even if for the most part reworked according to local taste; if you take some information before choosing them, you will not be disappointed.

Depending on where you are you can try the regional cuisines typical of the various areas: for example, steaks and meats are characteristic of the cuisine of the Mid-West, while the fish is typical of Louisiana, Florida, Maryland, and New England. In California, refined and classy organic cuisine has long been established, which goes hand in hand with the quality of local food products.

In short, American cuisine is presented as rather varied, especially if we want to explore and research. How to find good restaurants? Two ways: ask for information around (as already said the Americans will not spare themselves), or consult guides and online resources (also on this site you will find many tips!). You will see that it will be a pleasant discovery …

Do you want to shop? Did you know that…

  1. The prices displayed are not inclusive of taxes, so what you are seeing is not the real price.
  2. Have you regretted buying a product? No problem! For many purchases, the goods can be returned (even if you have used them !!) and the money spent will be returned to you. Find out about the return conditions during the purchase phase.
  3. The real price is always the one displayed.  It may seem like a trivial statement but it is not. One evening I accompanied a friend to buy a vacuum cleaner. The department label said $ 100. Arriving at the checkout we discovered that the clerk had placed it wrong and that the real price was actually higher, but if the customer finds it at a given price, that becomes effective (plus taxes of course). Result: sold for $ 100! I swear to you, I’ve seen this scene happen before my eyes!
  4. Sizes for dresses and shoes. In America, the sizes are not the same as ours, and below you can take a look at the comparison table. However in many cases, at least to buy shoes, you won’t need them. In fact, in various shoe shops, you will find a series of footprint figures on the ground. Just compare them with yours to easily know your size. One last thing: in the USA the 40 (7.5) you will often find it among the shoes for boys.
  5. Electric sockets. Do you want to buy an electronic product? Know that you will need a gearbox to make it work in Italy. Power sockets in the United States are different from ours and this also applies to charging cell phones. So, before you leave, buy yourself a nice American adapter.

American coffee: drink to discover or flush?

American coffee in the USAThe coffee is a symbol of US citizens, as are the burgers. To us Italians, this large and hot mash usually does not arouse a really positive impression and I too confess to you that at the beginning I had my difficulties. In the United States, you can also easily find espresso. But it’s not exactly a delicacy: they do it with capsules, single (1 capsule), and double (2).

In reality, American coffee is, as a concept, a completely different drink from our coffee. It is in fact a companion drink, to carry around and sip for most of the day, in the car and at work. Furthermore, the cliche that it would be a sort of long-watered coffee must also be dispelled. This is absolutely not the case, on the contrary, you will easily find really excellent blends. Above all, it is a question of getting used to the new taste and indulging local habits (in short, if you want to try it, you have to take it with you!).

Warning: the American coffee is hot (if you want to drink it immediately, some cold milk will always be available). A 79-year-old lady even got nearly $ 3 million in compensation from McDonald’s for coffee burns! Don’t believe it? A documentary was also shot on this story. Here is the trailer:

America and movies: how far apart are they?

Many tourists who decide to visit the United States do so because in some way they are also fascinated by the imagery transmitted by the world of television and in particular Hollywood. The question is: how far is the world of cinema from reality? The answer is little or nothing. As soon as you arrive, you will be amazed at how faithfully the films reproduce American habits and life.

Transportation to America?

In major American cities, the subway works quite well. But if an area is not well covered by the subway you will have to use the bus, which is much less reliable. The time slots are often reported in a vague way and it can also happen that they are not strictly respected. Also remember that you must have the exact money for the ticket, otherwise no change!

The coach proves to be a better choice for extra-urban trips; Greyhound for example allows you to move between major cities at an affordable price. The train, on the other hand, is a more expensive transport, operated by various companies depending on the area. The most common is the Armtrack which basically covers all the most important areas.

For internal travel, of course, you can also consider the plane. To avoid hitchhiking: there are fewer and fewer states where it is legal to practice it and in any case. You never know who you can meet … if they catch you technically they can even throw you in the cell!

You may also like to read, What Mormons Believe?

Curiosities of Different Cultures

Different Cultures

Despite globalization, it is fascinating to see how there are customs that remain intact. The way in which each culture expresses itself is amazing.

On many occasions, there are actions that have a totally different meaning depending on where they are being done. Furthermore, every culture has those “rituals” that make it so special and different from the others. There is always something that marks us.

Sometimes that special feature is a language, other times a gesture or even a whole ritual. When we talk about culture we include a lot of factors: values ​​of historical knowledge, ways of dressing, beliefs, comity, artistic forms, and many more. At the end of the day, ways to communicate, to express yourself.

There is no doubt that the best way to discover the secrets behind each civilization is to visit them, especially if you are lucky enough to be able to live in their own way at least for a while. Right now we cannot travel but that does not mean that we cannot continue discovering curiosities of different cultures.

FISTS ON THE TABLE – GERMANY

If you go to a conference or a class in Germany, don’t even think of clapping at the end. Applause is reserved for events such as theater or concerts. To celebrate that a presentation has been very cool or to close a meeting, the Germans hit the tables with their fists.

PISOTONES – RUSSIA

In Russia, you can be walking quietly, stepping on someone unintentionally, and … let them stomp you back! Contrary to what you may think, no, it is not for revenge. Rather the complete opposite. There they believe that returning the stomp avoids future conflicts with the other person.

BLACKENING – SCOTLAND

Weddings are a whole world. Each culture has a ritual that differentiates them, we all have a different way of proclaiming our love. In Scotland, for example, they have the tradition of blackening or blackening the bride and groom. To educate the bride and groom that they must be prepared to be together both through thick and thin, the day before the wedding the friends of the bride and groom smear them with mud and make them parade through the whole town (or city).

THROW CHILDREN TO 15 METERS – INDIA

There is a tradition that consists of throwing children from a 15-meter tower, and not trying to kill them. In India, they trust that this act will bring prosperity and intelligence to the little ones. To avoid scares they put a sufficiently resistant cloth where the children fall.

SPIT – GREECE

In this country, it is common to spit three times when they hear bad news. Thus, they believe that they keep misfortunes away, at least for a time! Although they don’t really spit, what they do is make the sound like they’re throwing those three spits on themselves.

You may also like to read, 11 pills of local culture to sell in china

11 pills of local culture to sell in china

china local culture

There are many reasons that push a company to evaluate business opportunities in China. In addition to the guarantees offered by an economy that boosts growth and stability, the country’s willingness to open up to international markets emerges, favoring the development of agreements and commercial deals.

Selling in China is an ambitious project, to take this opportunity it is essential to know how to approach your interlocutor. We talk about it in today’s article.

How to sell in China? 11 tips to not be unprepared

Starting a business in China may take more effort than imagined. In addition to the linguistic factor, there are a number of cultural aspects to consider: history, traditions, and values ​​impact commercial collaborations.

To create strategic and lasting relationships, it is advisable to deepen some aspects of the Asian market. We will dedicate the next lines to the discovery of culture in China and to the deepening of some useful tips for starting professional relationships with the locals.

1) Get to know the premises

The first aspect to consider concerns the development of knowledge with the locals. It is not about immediately establishing relationships that have commercial purposes. What is important, in this phase, is to rely on someone to guide you in the knowledge of the reference market, in the discovery of the local population, and in the identification of possible partners.

2) Develop the first network of knowledge

Once the cities and markets of interest have been identified, it is time to develop the first network of knowledge. At this stage, it is important to get to know local entrepreneurs and companies that may be interested in purchasing goods and services. It is essential to remember that to establish professional relationships in China it is crucial to start from the development of personal relationships. Where to start?

3) Attend local fairs and events

What better way to get to know customers and partners interested in your proposal than by participating in trade shows, events, and exhibitions in China? In this article, you can find detailed information on this topic as well as useful tips for organizing your next business trip.

4) Listen to your interlocutor

To cultivate personal relationships that can lead to the development of interesting business opportunities, it is essential to listen to your interlocutor. Before exposing yourself and communicating objectives and strategies, it is essential to take the time to collect data and information. What are the advantages of this modus operandi? In addition to showing respect towards the premises, it is possible to examine in more detail the assessments and considerations that have emerged.

5) Prepare a clear and detailed presentation

Before planning a business trip and getting to know potential partners, it is imperative to prepare the necessary material to use during the meetings.

The presentations, in particular, must be clear and contain detailed information, with a reference also to the results actually achieved that testify to the reliability of the company and the reasons that motivate the interest in the country.

6) Check your body language

A tip to take in any situation that requires physical presence is to control your emotions and body language. It is undoubtedly a demonstration of education and respect, but also of security and trust.

How to behave, then? Better not to gesticulate, raise your voice, or stare at someone for too long, but show yourself calm and composed.

7) Discuss all the details before making your proposal

An important element concerns the practical management of the commercial activity. Before signing an agreement, all the conditions must be clear to the parties involved. Details matured particularities and items worthy of evaluation must be meticulously investigated before reaching an agreement.

It would be a mistake not to consider some aspects and postpone them to a later stage.

8) Use the tools available to sell in China

Entering, now, into the details of commercial affairs, it is good to consider that to start the business it is essential to take advantage of the tools available to the premises. Business cards, information material and promotional brochures must be translated into the language; the same is true if you plan to develop a company website and a customer service team.

9) Social yes or no?

The answer is yes, but with some consideration. Social networks allow you to get in touch with a considerable slice of the public and it is difficult to think of giving up, but the known restrictions applied in terms of use must be respected. There are government-approved platforms in China, such as WeChat, Weibo, and Renren; approaching this new digital world is the only solution to not lose important contacts.

10) Personalize emails and documents

The communication strategy is an aspect on which to focus; even sending a simple email involves attention focused on individual graphic and writing details, which it is good to customize to give due consideration to partners and retain them.

11) Beware of local holidays

Obviously, when planning an off-site trip, first of all, you evaluate your commitments. If you are planning a trip to China, do not forget to check the national and traditional holidays, so as to ensure normal business operations.

As can be seen from the article, starting a commercial activity with the aim of selling in China and approaching the Asian market implies an in-depth preparation on the conduct and modus operandi to be adopted, elements destined to have a positive impact on the business.

You may also like to read: What are the Venezuelan traditions?

What are the Venezuela traditions?

Venezuela traditions

Venezuela is a country that has an important cultural influence that has made its traditional festivals a spectacle worth seeing. African and European culture and indigenous traditions are mixed in their many celebrations, resulting in popular festivals known worldwide for their beauty. You can find many celebrations in this country. Still, we focus on the most outstanding ones, learn about the traditional festivals of Venezuela, and discover more about this wonderful nation’s culture.

Venezuela traditions: Holy Week

Venezuela is a predominantly Catholic country, so Holy Week is one of the traditional festivals in this country, with characteristic celebrations every day.

The traditional festivals begin on Palm Sunday, a week before Easter Sunday. The faithful come to churches with palms to be blessed. With these palms, crosses will be made that will serve to protect homes throughout the year.

The processions and Via Crucis are characteristic throughout the week, reminding the faithful of the life and work of Jesus and his last days. Easter Sunday is a holiday in which all Catholics celebrate with processions and attending Mass, the salvation of Jesus. It is precisely on this day that you can enjoy the burning of Judas, where believers make Judas dolls that they expose and burn publicly to celebrate that good has triumphed over evil.

Traditional festivals of Venezuela: Dancing Devils of Yare

The Dancing Devils of Yare are, without a doubt, the most famous traditional festival in Venezuela abroad and one of the most important nationally.

Nine weeks after Holy Thursday, Corpus Christi is celebrated, and it is also on this date that the Dancing Devils of the town of Yare, in the state of Miranda, delight all attendees to honor the Blessed Sacrament.

Those who have made promises are in charge of dressing up as devils, respecting certain hierarchies, and dancing to the rhythm of the music. Wearing red costumes and colorful masks, the Dancing Devils of Yare fulfill their purpose of honoring their church while the faithful enjoy the dances, attend Mass and participate in the different religious events to celebrate Corpus Christi. Locals and tourists alike are delighted to participate in this colorful celebration.

Traditional festivals of Venezuela: Cruz de Mayo

The May Cross festival, although in some countries it is celebrated every May 3 to welcome the rainy season that allows the growth of crops, in Venezuela. It can be enjoyed throughout May, being one of the most popular traditional festivals, especially in the east of the country.

The May Cross festival consisted of decorating the crosses with the first flowers of spring, a way of honoring the Christian faith and thanking nature for the flowering. However, over time it was related to crops and rains.

The wake of the May Cross, which takes place in eastern Venezuela, is a great celebration. Not only are the crosses decorated, but there are also dances until dawn and many Catholic and social events to celebrate this party.

Traditional festivals of Venezuela: San Antonio de Padua

Being a Catholic country, in Venezuela, there are countless festivals linked to the church. However, on June 13 the day of San Antonio de Padua is celebrated but what makes this festival truly traditional and outstanding is the dance performed in it: the Tamunangue.

In Lara’s state, the faithful who are keeping promises thanks, San Antonio, for his generosity while dancing to the rhythm of the drums, evidencing the perfect mix between European and African customs in a single ritual.

Traditional festivals of Venezuela: Fiestas de San Juan

The festival of San Juan is popular in many countries. In Venezuela, it is celebrated especially in the coastal areas, where the rhythm of the drums marks this important festival destined especially for the devotees of this saint. On the eve of San Juan, attendees gather on the beaches to dance drums and improvise songs, a ritual that is repeated the next day as devotee’s wave colored handkerchiefs to honor their saint.

Traditional festivals of Venezuela: La Chinita Fair

The Chinita Fair is one of the most popular festivals in Venezuela. It is celebrated between November 15 and 22 to honor the Virgen de la Chiquinquirá, patron saint of Zulia.

The Venezuelan bagpipes are the musical background of this celebration, officially opening the Christmas season, in which this type of music is usually heard. With religious rituals, a musical fair, sports competitions, bullfights, and all kinds of events, the faithful of the Virgen de la Chiquinquirá honor their chinita, as they affectionately call their patron.

Other celebrations

In Venezuela, you can also enjoy other traditional festivals such as the paradura del niño in the Andes on January 1, the Divina Pastora festivities in Lara state on January 14. The Callao Carnival in Bolívar state, the Feria del Sun in Mérida, and the different festivals, honor each town’s virgins and Saints. Each one with particular traditions that are often a mixture of Catholicism inherited by the Spanish and the different African and indigenous rituals, thus revealing the country’s traditions. Whose culture is the product of many influences?

What is Culture, Basic Elements of Culture and Features

The term culture has a wide number of meanings: to inhabit, to cultivate, to honor with worship, to protect, and so on. Hence this word is associated with developing or practicing something, as well as the cult of both a religious deity and the body or spirit. Currently, man has managed to express himself through it and although over time it has diversified a bit, the 21st century has left a great mark, a before and after in the world. The man has managed to question the system and his own actions.

What is culture?

You can talk about it as an art, encompassing music, painting, sculpture, clothing, and any talent, but it also exists as knowledge, conduct, belief, and even religion. The latter is based on the way of life of a country’s inhabitants and how they reflect their attitudes to the world, including their language. There is so much cultural diversity worldwide that it would take many years to cover it all.

What primarily characterizes it is the people who are part of it, its activities and traditions, so it can be said that it is dynamic and is constantly changing, adapting to the influence of other cultures outside of it and adopting new trends.

ELEMENTS OF CULTURE

There are many cultural aspects that we often take for granted or are invisible to our perception. However, it is convenient to pause to analyze the elements that make up a culture briefly:

1. Rights

We understand that every human culture has a shared cultural terrain. Here, territorial rules and appropriation processes are studied, not only of property but also symbolic. In addition, the available resources and how those resources are used are taken into account.

For example, the Masais live in the Border Mountains between Kenya and Tanzania and identify with their territory and the resources they obtain from it.

2. Ethnohistory

It refers to the culture of biographical identity. It is necessary to look at the cultural roots of each society to understand its culture and behavior. For example, the history of a community based on its cultural and ideological tradition or the historical events that marked the course of a given society. A possible example would be the African American community, whose identity is marked by its historical memory. We can influence this example later.

3. Beliefs and ideas

The beliefs are interpretive systems that a social group has about reality. They explain the world we live in and therefore create binding behaviors. Furthermore, these come from values.

According to Gasset says, “Ideas have, in the belief it is “. Ideas are easier to change, we form them more rationally, but beliefs are more unconscious. Beliefs do not have an intellectual but a cultural value.

Thus, ideology is an organized set of compromise ideas that have a certain socio-political development. Sometimes ideologies are confused with beliefs and become a creed.

Today there is talk of the end of ideologies, but in reality, there is an ideology: the single thought that, however, is sold as non-ideology. It is the post-industrial technocracy, where it is thought that everything comes down to the market.

But this powerful thought is being answered by new collective groups, which are constituted as social forms, platforms, informal groups, grassroots movements. Some examples are the Squat movement, the landless, the anti-globalization movements, etc. All of this is the foundation of cultures. Therefore, values, beliefs, ideas and ideologies create worldviews, collective representations.

4. Values ​​and norms

Values ​​and norms create the fundamental core of cultures. Every community has shared values, and these can be explicit or implicit. They function as markers of behavior, leading to guilt. Therefore, the character of values ​​is moral and arises from group interaction.

Some examples of cultural values would be education, emotional ties, respect and empathy, patriotism, peace, justice, freedom, beauty and personal fulfillment, among others.

For their part, the rules are external and must be assumed by the group. They can transgress and create no guilt. It is an externalization of values, so the norms vary more than the values.

5. Communication

Communication occurs through Language and Rituals. They are those cultural mechanisms that serve to communicate and inform. When a language disappears, a culture disappears, as we will see in later publications.

When we talk about communication, we must consider two aspects:

Communication: we communicate with someone.

Information: we communicate or report something so that communication has meaning. For example, if they speak to us in a language that we do not master, the message does not make sense.

How to Choose the Right Perfume in Accordance With Your Body Chemistry?

Body Chemistry

Perfumes have been in existence for thousands of years now and their popularity has been ever-growing because they allow you to leave a lasting impact no matter where you go. The perfume industry is making more money by developing different types of fragrances and selling them online as well as through retail stores. People choose different fragrances based on their body chemistry; you can see a number of fragrances appearing every now and then. Each fragrance can smell in a different manner from one person to another.

The body chemistry includes things like the amount of perspiration, hormone levels, and medications or oils excreted via the skin. Be it a formal meeting, a casual date, a dinner party, or any other occasion, specialized colognes and perfumes are being designed for specific occasions. So, with a plethora of choices, how do you really pick the right one? Well, here are a few tips and suggestions to help you out in making a well-informed decision.

Instructions to Be Followed Before Choosing Perfume

If you are under stress, then you should be aware that it affects your body chemistry by improving heart rate, thereby generating more heat or it causes sweat that alters the scent smell. You need to start applying the perfume at pulse points (as it is the area where blood vessels are pretty closer to the surface and it also creates heat), the neck, wrists, and behind ears. You can smell the fragrance throughout the day to figure out if the scent lingers or fades quickly.

The kind of food you eat also alters the body chemistry and makes the fragrances smell different; intake of garlic or onions can actually cause such effects. Garlic smell will drift out via skin pores and it will start mixing with the perfume in a pleasant manner. The aging process also changes the body’s chemistry because of hormonal fluctuations. A perfume that smells good will certainly change according to the decrease or increase in hormone levels.

The skin type will certainly determine the way a perfume smells. There are few skin types that absorb oil in perfume, which causes the scent to vanish pretty quickly. A person with a specific skin type needs to try many fragrances for finding the one that lasts for a longer duration. So, it’s recommended to try wiles of several fragrances before purchasing bigger bottles.

Few Tips and Warnings

Before you purchase a perfume, it is recommended to test it on your skin once. It is better to test the fragrance smell and also check after it gets mixed with your body chemistry. You should not place the perfume directly towards sunlight or in an area, which is too cold or too hot; this again destroys the subtle makeup of the components.

Test one or two perfumes per day

Overlapping of fragrances will certainly distort all the scents. Usually, expensive and high quality perfumes smell really better. If your desired perfume is too pricey, then it is recommended to purchase miniature bottles or wiles first, and then buy the bigger bottles after you’re sure that you really like it.

Increased life expectancy: increased pension pressure

life expectancy

More people in the UK are enjoying a long and fruitful retirement thanks to better health services, diets, and working conditions. The life expectancy of people in the UK is 84 years for women and 80 for men, with these figures expected to rise to 87 for women and 84 for men within 20 years.

This is great news for workers as they can expect to enjoy many years of retirement. They’ve worked hard for their pensions and they’ve earned them.

However, the increased life expectancy also brings an increase in the pressure on pensions. The State will be paying out to more pensioners for many years to come, which puts increased pressure on funding.

Pensions cost less than £100 billion a year at present but this could double by the mid-2030s and soar to £400 billion in 40 years’ time, according to a Telegraph report.

Ministers are looking at ways to pay for the pensions by encouraging people to stay at work past retirement age or raising the age when you can receive a pension.

People who want to take early retirement will need to find other ways to fund their lifestyle, either through private pension schemes or investments such as stocks or property.

Debt problems for the over-55s

Many people who may have looked forward to early retirement are instead struggling with large debts and little savings. A study by Aviva insurance company found that one in five people aged 55 or over were still paying off their mortgages.

The report also found that the average older person was also paying off credit card bills or other debts.

Ways to ease debt worries

If debts are causing problems, there are ways to consolidate them or reduce monthly payments. The minute you feel you cannot control your finances, it is important to get advice from a specialist financial firm.

They may suggest that you set up an Individual Voluntary Agreement, which is a legally-binding agreement to pay all or some of the money you owe to creditors. You make the payments to an insolvency expert, who divides the money between your creditors.

You can find out more about setting up an agreement by talking to a company such as Carrington Dean IVA Specialists.

This is just one of many ways that people can ease the pressure on the pension system.